Musical offering BWV 1079GND

Genre
Chamber music
Scoring
1 and 2: harpsichord (?)
3 and 4h: traverse flute, violin, basso continuo
4b: violin I, violin II (+ basso continuo)

Work history
EZ Mai to June 1747; Ausgangspunkt der Komposition ist Bachs Besuch gemeinsam mit WFB am preußischen Königshof in Potsdam, der für den 7. u. 8. Mai 1747 in den „Berlinischen Nachrichten von Staats- und gelehrten Sachen“ (11. Mai 1747) dokumentiert ist: "Höchstdieselben ertheilten gleich Befehl, ihn herein kommen zu lassen, und giengen bey dessen Eintritt an das sogenante Forte und Piano, geruheten auch, ohne einige Vorbereitung in eigner höchster Person dem Capellmeister Bach ein Thema vorzuspielen, welches er in einer Fuga ausführen sollte. […]. Herr Bach fand das ihm aufgegebene Thema so ausbündig schön, daß er es in einer ordentlichen Fuga zu Papiere bringen, und hernach in Kupfer stechen lassen will." (Dok. II Nr. 554; leicht abweichende Schilderung von WFB, s. Forkel 1802, S. 9f.; vgl. auch Nekrolog, s. Dok III Nr. 666). Die auf dem gegebenen Thema (oder dessen Abwandlung durch Bach) komponierte Slg. von zwei Fugen, einer Triosonate u. zehn Kanons erschien zur Leipziger Michaelismesse 1747 (Dat. der Vorrede mit Widmung an Friedrich II. vom 7. Juli 1747). Eine zyklische Satzfolge ist dem Druck nicht zu entnehmen; die Nummerierung der Sätze (s. Inzipits) entspricht der Ankündigung des Drucks vom 30. September 1747 im „Extract“ der Leipziger Zeitungen: "Die Elaboration bestehet 1.) in zweyen Fugen, eine mit 3. die andere mit 6. obligaten Stimmen; 2.) in einer Sonata, a Traversa, Violino e Continuo; 3.) in verschiedenen Canonibus, wobey eine Fuga canonica befindlich." (Dok. III Nr. 558a). Die Widmung an den König drückt sich musikalisch in der Triosonate u. im Akrostichon-Titel zum Ricercar à 3 aus: "Regis Iussu Cantio Et Reliqua Canonica Arte Resoluta" (Der [Fugen-] Gesang auf Geheiß des Königs und das Übrige in kanonischer Kunst ausgeführt); vgl. dazu Bachs Widmungstext im Originaldruck.
Comment
Die Ziffern (1, 2, 3 und 4a - 4i) entsprechen denen im BWV [1990/1998].

Satzfolge im Erstdruck (Druckeinheiten A+B, C, D+E):
(Die Ziffern in eckigen Klammern [ ] wurden im BWV [1950] verwendet. )

"Druckeinheit A" (2 Bll.):
Titel und Widmungsvorrede;

"Druckeinheit B" (3 Bll.):
Ricercar à 3 (1079/1) [1], Canon perpetuus (1079/4g) [2];

"Druckeinheit C" (8 Bll.):
Triosonate (1079/3) [8], Canon perpetuus (für Trio) (1079/4h) [9];

"Druckeinheit D" (2 Bll.):
5 Canones diversi (1079/4a-e) [3a-e], Fuga canonica (1079/4f) [4];

"Druckeinheit E" (4 Bll.):
Ricercar à 6 (1079/2) [5], Canon à 2, Canon à 4 (1079/4i, 4k) [6, 7]

Original sources
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 226, Faszikel 1 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-Bsa SA 3287 [composite manuscript, unknown]
A-Wn SH J. S. Bach 100 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, DE)] [original publication, Score]
A-Wn SH J. S. Bach 101 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E)] [original publication, Score]
A-Wn SH J. S. Bach 102 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (B, E)] [original publication, Score]
D-B Am.B 73, Faszikel 1 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, D)] [original publication, Score]
D-B Am.B 73, Faszikel 2 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (E)] [original publication, Score]
D-B Am.B 74 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (C)] [original publication, Score and part(s)]
D-B Mus. 11531 Rara [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (D)] [original publication, Score]
D-B Mus. O. 9525 Rara [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E)] [original publication, Score]
D-FUl K.W.F. 138/84 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E)] [original publication, Score]
D-LEb Peters PM 5696 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, DE)] (Depositum im Bach-Archiv) [original publication, Score]
D-LEm Becker III.6.17 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, DE)] [original publication, Score]
D-Mbs 2 Mus.pr. 777 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (C)] [original publication, Part(s)]
GB-Lbl K.10. b.28 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E)] [original publication, Score]
I-Bc DD 73 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (B, E)] [original publication, Score]
I-Bc DD 75 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (C)] [original publication, Score]
I-Bc DD 76 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (D)] [original publication, Score]
NL-DHnmi III/Bachdoos/h, Faszikel 1 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (B, E)] (Depositum) [original publication, Score]
NL-DHnmi III/Bachdoos/h, Faszikel 2 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (D)] (Depositum) [original publication, Score]
US-BER (o. Sign.) Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E) [original publication, Score]
US-R Vault M 3.3 B 118/1747 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (B, E)] [original publication, Score]
US-Wc M 3.3 .B2 [Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, DE)] [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, C, DE), Breitkopf 1761 [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079, J. N. Forkel [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079, F. Hauser [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E), L. Liepmannssohn 1924 [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, E), E. Prieger [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079, J. Rietz [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (2), J. G. Schneider [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (4), J. M. v. Radowitz [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (5), G. R. Wagener [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Originaldruck BWV 1079 (9), Breitkopf & Härtel [original publication, Score]
Verschollen Sing-Akademie Originaldruck BWV 1079 (AB, C, DE) [original publication, Score]
D-Cv A.V,1109,(1),1b [collective manuscript, Part(s)]
D-LEm Becker III.8.4 [Andreas-Bach-Buch] [collective manuscript, Score]
Additional sources
Verschollen Sing-Akademie BWV 1079/4f [unknown, Part(s)]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (7), Breitkopf (Kegel) [unknown, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (8), C. S. Gähler [unknown, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079/4f, C. S. Gähler [unknown, unknown]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (13), List & Francke 1871 [unknown, unknown]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (14), List & Francke [unknown, unknown]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (15), K. v. Vietinghoff [unknown, unknown]
Verschollen BWV 1079, P. Spitta [unknown, unknown]
A-GÖ Mus. Ms. 4518 [single manuscript, Score]
A-GÖ Mus. Ms. 4663 [single manuscript, Score]
A-GÖ Mus. Ms. 4664 [single manuscript, Score]
A-Sd MN 101, Faszikel 2 [single manuscript, Score]
A-Sd MN 101, Faszikel 4 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
A-Wgm VII 55350 / A 471f [single manuscript, Score]
A-Wgm IX 23572 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
A-Wgm XI 42466 / A 131a, Nachlass Brahms [single manuscript, Score]
A-Wn Mus. Hs. 5003 [single manuscript, Score]
A-Wn Mus. Hs. 19246 [single manuscript, Score and part(s)]
A-Wn SA.67.B.31 [single manuscript, Score]
CZ-Pu 59 R 57 [single manuscript, Score]
D-Bhm H 742 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-Bhm H 818 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 231 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 239, Faszikel 4 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 408 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 565 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 666 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 667 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 668 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 829 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 919 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 947 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 996 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 1064 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 1169 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 1224 [single manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 325 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 326 [single manuscript, Score and part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 421 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 422 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 423 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 424 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 425 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 426 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 427 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 428 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 430 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-Dl BWV 1079 [vernichtet] [single manuscript, Score]
D-Gs Cod. Ms. 2020.21/5 [single manuscript, Score]
D-Hs M A/710 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
DK-Kk C II, 10 G. Matthison-Hansens samling 25, 1943-44.600 [single manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Go. S. 22 [single manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 90 [single manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 91 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 92 [single manuscript, Part(s)]
D-LEm Poel. mus. Ms. 38 [single manuscript, Score]
GB-Lbl Add. MS. 40636 [single manuscript, Score]
GB-Ob MS. M. Deneke Mendelssohn c. 102 [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079, J. Rietz (1) [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079/3 (Sonate), F. Hauser [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079/3 (Sonate), J. Rietz [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (4), W. Rust [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (5), F. W. Rust [single manuscript, Part(s)]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (6), J. Christoph Westphal [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (11), J. Christoph Westphal [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (12), J. Christoph Westphal [single manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079 (17), S. Picart [single manuscript, Score]
A-Wn Mus. Hs. 210, Faszikel 10 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Am.B 73, Faszikel 3 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 213, Faszikel 1 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 218, Faszikel 4 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 230, Faszikel 1 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 289, Faszikel 1 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 289, Faszikel 6 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 289, Faszikel 11 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Peters Ms. R 16, Faszikel 3 (Depositum im Bach-Archiv) [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
D-LEm Poel. mus. Ms. 25, Faszikel 2 [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
US-NH LM 4842, Faszikel 6 [Ma21.Y11.B12] [single manuscript within composite manuscript, Score]
A-Wn Mus. Hs. 210 [Konvolut] [composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. theor. 348 [composite manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 289 [Konvolut] [composite manuscript, Score]
A-Wn Mus. Hs. 2234 [collective manuscript, Score]
B-Br Ms II 3959 Mus (Fétis 2489) [collective manuscript, Score]
CH-Zz Ms.Car XV 244 (32) : A 9 [collective manuscript, Score and part(s)]
D-B Am.B 53 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 303 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 656 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-Bsa SA 4260 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-Eu Esl VII 172 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-Hs ND VI 3199 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Go. S. 318a [collective manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 111 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 116 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 133 [collective manuscript, Score]
D-MÜs SANT Hs 3974 [collective manuscript, Score]
GB-Cu MS. Add.6644 [collective manuscript, Part(s)]
GB-Cu MS. Add.9046 [collective manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 903, 1079/1, J. C. F. Rellstab [collective manuscript, Score]
Verschollen BWV 1079, C. F. G. Schwencke [collective manuscript, Score]
D-LEb Rara Ib, 163/3 [collective manuscript in convolute, Score]
D-LEm Becker III.6.30 [Druck 1831] [print, Score]

Edition

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https://www.bach-digital.de/receive/BachDigitalWork_work_00001265
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Last changed
2020-04-22 : 12:21:13