A Drama in Music

Irene (T), Bellona (S), Pallas (A), Fama (B)(1)

1. Chorus (S, A, T, B)

Sound, all ye drums now! Resound, all ye trumpets!
Resonant viols, make swell now the air!
Sing now your anthems, ye lively poets,
Vivat regina! How happy the shout!

Vivat regina! the hope of the Saxons:
Long live the Queen, may she flourish and prosper!

2. Recit. (T) Irene

This is the day
When ev'ryone may find delight.
This is the shining hour
To celebrate the Queen's glad birthday,
Which Poles and Saxons, all of us,
In greatest joy and bliss revealeth.
Mine olive
Tree with sap and richness runs.
It showeth yet no leaves of yellow;
I fear no storm, flash,(2) clouds of sadness,
dreary weather.

3. Aria (S) Bellona
Blow the well-tuned, well-played flutes now,
Leave foe and moon and lilies blushing,
Ring triumphantly with song!
Let your weapons clearly sound!
Such a feast demandeth gladness
That will mind and spirit nurture.

4. Recit. (S) Bellona

My clanging metal’s sound
As in the air the charges burst with thunder,
The joyful peal;
The spectacle’s enchantment;
The joy that Saxons now perceive
Doth touch the hearts of many.
My flashing piece of arms,
Next these my sons in order marching,
And their heroic sense of honor
Increase each moment more and more
The present day’s delightful pleasure.

5. Aria (A) Pallas

Faithful Muses! My companions!
Sing not long outmoded anthems!
May this day bring you delight!
Fill with gladness now your breast!
Cast aside both quill and tablets
And rejoice with thrice the pleasure!

6. Recit. (A) Pallas

This our Queen o'er all the nation,
Who to us was sent by heaven,
Is the Muses' hope and shield.
My Pierians(3) can do it:
They, who kiss her very hem in reverence,
For her constant happiness
Thanks and due and sound alway shall raise.
Yea, their hope is that her lifetime
May afford us lasting pleasure.

7. Aria (B) Fama

Crown and star of crownéd ladies,
O great Queen! With thy name's praises
I will fill the orb of earth.

All that virtue prizes e'er,
Only to heroic women,
These to thee are inborn given.

8. Recit. (B) Fama

Let press forth now throughout the earthly ball
My mouth, which with the queen’s repute is full!
Her fame shall to the axis
Of yon fair starry heav'n be waxing,
The Queen of all the Saxons and of Poland
Be e’er to heaven’s care commended.
Through her will heaven' pole(4)
Make firm her many subjects’ long awaited goal.
And may the noble Queen yet long here among us be reigning
And late, ah, late to heaven hast'ning.

9. Chorus (S, A, T, B) Bellona, Pallas, Irene, Tutti

Flourish, ye lindens(5) like cedars in Sax'ny!

Echo with weapons and wagons and axles!

Sing now, ye Muses, make full now the sound!

O joyful hours, o ye joyous ages!
Grant us more often these golden occasions:
Life to the Queen, yea, may she yet live long!

1. The names of the characters are found only in the PT (and in this order). Irene (trisyllabic) is Greek for "Peace," Bellona is the Roman goddess of War, Pallas is another name for Athena (the Roman Minerva), and Fama is the Roman god of fame or rumor.

2. Literally, "lightning."

3. Pieria is a region of Macedonia considered to be the seat of the Muses.

4. There seems to be a play between pole and Poland.

5. An allusion to the etymology of Leipzig from Slavic lipa 'linden tree.'

© Copyright Z. Philip Ambrose
BWV 214; BC G 19 GND

Other catalogues
NV 1790, S. 72 [6]
Secular cantata
S* (Belloa), A* (Pallas), T* (Irene), B* (Fama), Tr I–III, Timp, Fl trav I/II, Ob I/II, Ob d’am,
Vl I/II, Va, Vne, Bc

Date of origin, Work history
vor dem 08. Dezember 1733
First performance on December 8, 1733 (likely in the Zimmermann Coffee House) for the birthday of the Saxon Electress Maria Josepha (Queen of Poland). Movement 1, 5, 7 and 9 serve as parody models for BWV 248.2, Movement 1, 15, 8 and 24
Early performances
, Leipzig, Kaffeehaus Gottfried Zimmermanns (Collegium Musicum) (Premiere) (Link to event)
Introduction to the work
Link to videos:
Tönet, ihr Pauken! Erschallet, Trompeten, BWV 214 (Amsterdam Baroque, T. Koopman)

Author unknown. Original text print: Leipzig 1733
Link to lyrics
Original lyrics
D-Dl 1.C.574, angeb.18 [Textdruck]
Original lyrics
D-Dl Hist.Sax.C.296,27.m [Textdruck]
Original lyrics
D-Mbs 2 P.o.germ. 1 s [Textdruck]

Original sources
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 41, Faszikel 2 [Score, Sketch]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach St 91 [Part(s)]
D-Dl 1.C.574, angeb.18 [Textdruck] [Libretto]
D-Dl Hist.Sax.C.296,27.m [Textdruck] [Libretto]
D-Mbs 2 P.o.germ. 1 s [Textdruck] [Libretto]


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2024-05-14 : 06:35:37