God's time is the very best time (Actus tragicus) BWV 106; BC B 18 GND

Funeral Service, Mühlhausen Cantatas
Genre
Sacred cantata
Scoring
S*, A*, T*, B*, S, A, T, B; 2 Fl dolce, 2 Vdg, Bc

Date of origin, Work history
um 1707–1708
Date of composition around 1707–1708; occasion unknown, perhaps for the funeral of Bach's Uncle Tobias Lämmerhirt (August 10, 1707) or the Mühlhausen Mayor Adolf Strecker (September 16, 1708, see Rathey BJ 2006). Earliest sources noted in E-flat major (Chorton) [= F major (high pitch)]; performance in low pitch (a' = 392 Hz) likely
relation to other works:
is part of BWV diverse [M. Kant.]
Comment
The compilation of the text follows J. Olearius: "Christliche Bet-Schule (...)", Leipzig 1668.
Lit.: R. Steiger in: MuK 55 (1985), p. 231-34 and MuK 59 (1989), p. 11-23. New dating 16.9.1708 = burial of the mayor of Mühlhausen Adolph Strecker (Rathey, in: BJ 2006, p. 65ff.)
Introduction to the work
Link to videos:
Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit (Actus tragicus), BWV 106 (Netherlands Bach Society)

Libretto
Largely a compilation from Bible passages and hymns: Acts 17, 28; Psalm 90, 12; Isaiah 38, 1; Sirach 14, 18; Revelation 22, 20 (in movement 2); Psalm 31, 6; Luke 23, 43 (in movement 3); Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin (Martin Luther, 1524; after Luke 2, 29–33), stanza 1 (in movement 3) and In dich hab ich gehoffet, Herr (Andreas Reusner, 1533), stanza 7 (in movement 4)
Link to lyrics
Chorale
Chorale
Chorale

Original sources
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 1018 [Score]
Additional sources
D-B Am.B 43 [Konvolut] [Score]
D-B Am.B 43, Faszikel 3 [Score]
D-B Mus. 11486 (2) [Erstdruck] [Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 90 [Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 451, Faszikel 4 [Score]
D-B Mus.ms. Bach P 838, Faszikel 1 [Score]
D-DS BWV 106 [vernichtet] [Score]
D-F Mus Hs 149 [Score]
D-HEms BWV 106 [Score]
D-KNu K 16a/6412 [Score]
GB-Ob MS. M. Deneke Mendelssohn c. 55, no. 132 [Score]
GB-Ob MS. M. Deneke Mendelssohn c. 63 [Konvolut] [Score]
GB-Ob MS. M. Deneke Mendelssohn c. 63, Faszikel 6 [Score]
Verschollen Sing-Akademie BWV 106 (1), Partitur [Score]
Verschollen BWV 106, Breitkopf [Score]
Verschollen BWV 106, Kaiserin Augusta-Gymnasium (Berlin) [Score and part(s)]
US-Wc ML30.8j .B334 1830z [Part(s)]
Verschollen Sing-Akademie BWV 106 (2), Stimmen [Part(s)]
Verschollen BWV 106 [Arrangement], Kaiserin Augusta-Gymnasium (Berlin) [Part(s)]

Edition

persistent ID
BachDigitalWork_work_00000131
Static URL
https://www.bach-digital.de/receive/BachDigitalWork_work_00000131
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Last changed
2023-08-22 : 11:13:19